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Welds Inspection, Welding Inspection Products
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Welding is an essential and key manufacturing process which spans almost every major industry. The overview below shows GE's comprehensive selection of NDT testing and inspection capabilities for industrial welding inspection applications across the different industries.

Oil and Gas Power Generation Aerospace
OIL & GAS
POWER GENERATION
AEROSPACE
Automotive Rail Ship
AUTOMOTIVE
RAIL
SHIP
Oil and Gas


Oil & Gas

The reliability and safe operation of oil & gas infrastructure is heavily dependent on the structural integrity of its welded joints. The quality of these joints must be assessed from the pipe mill and fabrication yard to the end of the operating life of the pressure vessel or piping system.

GE continually strives to provide multidisciplinary welding inspection solutions, whatever the application, whether onshore or offshore, in the field or in the factory.

UPSTREAM
Upstream Directional and crawler-compatible panoramic X-ray systems for pipeline girth welds projects.
In-service welds can be examined with Electromagnetic Testing technology using the WeldScan eddy current probes and instrument.

MIDSTREAM
Midstream Inspection systems using the latest Phased Arrays ultrasonic technology at a pipe mill.
Weldstar is an automated ultrasonic inspection system for onshore or offshore pipeline girth-weld inspection using Phased Array and TOFD.

DOWNSTREAM
Downstream Ca-Zoom PTZ cameras are used for downstream checks of refinery towers and storage tanks, avoiding manned entry.
USM GoTM is a small, light and easy to use manual UT flaw detector effective for everyday use and difficult-toaccess applications.
Power Generation


Power Generation

In the power generation sector, reliable and accurate non-destructive testing of welds and integrity assessment of boiler tubes are both essential in order to maximize efficiency, minimize downtime and improve productivity.

GE offers a wide portfolio of support services and solutions for inspecting pipes, tubes and vessels, in manufacture, pre-service and in-service. These solutions use a variety of technologies to ensure that the inspection technique best matches the application, and finds application in fossil-fuel and nuclear stations as well as gas turbines, wind and hydro-electric assets.

FOSSIL FUEL
05-fossilfuel Digital Radiography for boiler pipe inspection at manufacturing stage as well as for in-service inspection.
RVI video borecope image of welding inspection and sizing in a gas turbine.

NUCLEAR
05-nuclear Manual Phased Arrays ultrasonic inspection of a weld using PhasorTM XS and dual Phased Array transducers.
PTZ camera and crawler for visual welding inspection on reactor head control rod guide tubes.

RENEWABLES
05-renwables Semi-automated ultrasonic inspection using USM VisionTM for wind tower welding inspection.
Nacelle welding inspection with Phased Array ultrasonic flaw detector: PhasorTM XS.
Aerospace


Aerospace

In the aerospace industry weld quality and integrity are critical to safety. Welding inspection is therefore essential during airframe & engine manufacturing, maintenance, repair and overhaul.

AIRFRAME MANUFACTURING
Airframe Small welded tube inspection with digital X-ray flat panel.
Laser beam or friction stir welding inspection with PhasorTM XS.

ENGINE MANUFACTURING
Engine Manufacturing Aircraft engine inspection using the XLG3TM video borescope, an RVI solution.
RVI of weld I.D. in fuel-supply lines.

MAINTENANCE, REPAIR & OVERHAUL
Maintenance GE DXR 500 digital detector array for welding inspection.
Eddy current and eddy current Array blisk inspection (i.e. eddy current Array film for EC probe).
Automotive


Automotive

In the automotive industry weld quality and integrity are critical to safety. Welding inspection is therefore essential during the manufacturing process of body shells, engines, safety parts and drivetrains.

BODY SHELL
Body Shell Ultrasonic inspection of spot welds using SpotChecker flaw detector.
Microfocus CT slice across a 1 mm (0.039) diameter weld.

ENGINES
Engines Visual inspection of difficult-to-access areas using video endoscopes.
Fully automatic ultrasonic inspection of bonds in pistons and valves.

SAFETY PARTS & DRIVETRAIN
Safety Parts and Drivetrain

Automatic 2D X-ray inspection of laser welds in safety parts.
Microfocus CT slice across a laser weld interconnecting two inconell tubes with a steel cylinder.
Rail


Rail

In the rail industry weld quality and integrity are critical to safety. Welding inspection is therefore essential during rail maintenance, locomotive and rail cars manufacturing and maintenance.

RAILS
Rails STH 1 is an ultrasonic rail testing system used to inspect rail welds (flash butt welds, alumino thermic welds) for discontinuity perpendicular to the rail surface.
Ultrasonic inspection of butt welds using a roller probe.

LOCOMOTIVES
Locomotives Inspection of draw gear butt welds using ultrasonic flaw detectors.
Digital radiography welding inspection during construction of boogies.

RAIL CARS
Rail Cars Internal remote visual inspection of liquid-carrying rail car.
PTZ camera image showing tank car interior details.
Ship


Ship

In the ship building industry weld quality and integrity are critical to safety. Fabshop and field welding inspection as well as welding tests on the propulsion systems are therefore essential.

FABSHOP WELDS
Fabshop Welds Phased Array weld inspection provides improved probability of detection and productivity.
USM VisionTM weld inspection solution for new process pipework fabrication inspection which eliminates downtime resulting from X-ray methods.

FIELD WELDS
Field Welds Completely light-tight, air-tight and moisture proof Pb VACUPACTM film can be used for field welding inspection.
In-service radiographic inspection with the Eresco MF4 X-ray generator.

PROPULSION
Propulsion trueDGSTM probes offer increased accuracy in discontinuity sizing.
USM GoTM is a light weight and portable ultrasonic flaw detector offering ease of use to detect, position and size discontinuities in welds.

Welding inspection can be carried out using different NDT methods. GE offers multi-inspection solutions for new project construction as well as for most project maintenance.

The overview below shows GE's comprehensive selection of NDT testing and inspection capabilities for industrial welding inspection.

Ultrasonic Testing Electromagnetic Testing Remote Visual Testing
ULTRASONIC
TESTING
ELECTROMAGNETIC
TESTING
REMOTE VISUAL
INSPECTION
Radiographic Testing Software Solutions
RADIOGRAPHIC
TESTING
SOFTWARE
SOLUTIONS

Weld Types

The overview below shows the most commonly used weld types. When performing welding inspection, it is important to understand the materials, applications, typical locations, advantages, limitations, typical discontinuities types and the NDT methods for each different weld type.

Manual Metal Arc - MMA
Shielded Metal Arc - SMA
Tungsten Inert Gas TIG Submerged Arc SAW
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Resistance Spot RSW Gas Metal Arc - GMAW
Metal Inert Gas - MIG
Flux-Cored Arc FCAW
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Laser Beam LBW Electron Beam EBW Brazing
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Soldering Electric Resistance ERW Friction Stir FSW
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Fusion Bonding Ultrasonic
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